4. Right to Freedom of Religion

India is a secular country and right to freedom of religion to all its citizens ensures that all states treat all the religions neutrally. Every Indian citizen has religious freedom and can follow any religion of their choice. Right to freedom of religion also promotes a right to preach, practice and propagate any religion of their choice and guarantees freedom of conscience to all Indian citizens.

5. Cultural and Educational Rights

The cultural and educational rights includes the right to education and helps to conserve various heritages of minorities and protect them from discrimination. This fundamental right safeguards the minorities and prohibits discrimination against any citizen for admission into any educational institutions based on religion, race caste or language, subject to reservations in the state. This fundamental right also allows minorities to set up and administer educational institutions to preserve their heritage.

6. Right to Constitutional Remedies

Right to Constitutional Remedies allows Indian citizens to approach the Supreme Court of India to protect their fundamental rights. The SC has rights to protect the fundamental rights of citizens even against private bodies, and can also award compensation to the affected individuals. The Supreme Court of India is seen as a designated protector of these rights by the Constitution.

The Supreme Court received several petitions stating that the Aadhaar scheme as a violation of privacy and after profound discussions and a nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court ruled that privacy is a fundamental right. This ruling has a direct effect on Aadhaar card being made mandatory.